these是什么意思,This That These Those 区别和用法

 生活杂谈     |      2020-01-16 14:20
This That These Those 区别及用法
this和that是单数,these和those是复数
this和these相当于here
that和those相当于there
这里还要注意它们的发音
this-[??s] 
these-[?i?z] i长元音
that-[??t]
those-[???z]
这四个词可以作为限定词或代词使用
What's this book about?
That door's unlocked.
I really like those socks.
This is lovely.
That is a great achievement.
用法
this that 在单数不可数名词中使用
This bread is stale.
stale=not fresh
Please pass me that coffee.
these those与复数名词使用
These shoes are yours
Those houses are for sale
that和this都可以描述时间
This morning, I went on a run.
I'm going to Paris this week.
that描述时间通常表示很久以前的事
I wonder if I'll ever get married. That day would be great!
做代词
比如去某地方玩,朋友问你Are you happy with that?
that指来这个地方是否是正确的
Can you turn that down please
I hate Heavy Metal.
Those are beautiful!
描述人
That's my mother over there.
Hello? Is that John?
that and those
Can I use this pen?
I'll print this tomorrow.
I got these done last week.
Those pictures we took yesterday were amazing!
That's my favourite place.
通常用“this”和“these”来指我们觉得赞同的事情
I love these new hats that everyone seems to be wearing!
that和those来指可能不太同意或消极的态度在其中
Have you seen those awful shoes!
What did that friend of yours say?
有时候that可以代替the,在解释某事或者讲一个故事时
You know that house down the road?
It's getting demolished on Sunday.
有时候我们会用this来代替a或an,在讲一个很重要或最近发生的事
This random woman came into my garden last week.
表示我们都知道random woman指谁
that和those在正式写作中经常用
The best example is that given in the first paragraph.
that=the one
The most successful expriments were those performed in dark condiction.
those = the ones
  
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