什么是介词词组(介词短语),英语介词的用法

 生活杂谈     |      2020-01-20 11:43
     介词词组的基本结构是“介词+名词”,遵循的基本词性搭配规律是“介词后跟名词”。注意,这里的名词指的是广义的词性功能,不仅是名词这类单词,还包括体现名词功能的名词词组、动名词短语、名词性从句、人称代词的宾格形式以及名词性物主代词等等。具体示例如下:(粗体字部分是介词,下划线部分是介词词组。)
英语介词的用法
1.介词+名词
They are from Switzerland.
他们来自瑞士。
We don't go to school on weekends.
我们周末不上学。
I would rather stay at home.
我宁愿呆在家里。
2.介词+名词词组
There is a heart-shaped cloud over the rainbow.
彩虹上有一朵心形的云。
There are many stars above our heads.
我们头顶上有许多星星。
There are three girls playing under an apple tree.
有三个女孩子在苹果树下玩。
3.介词+动名词
Did you come here by driving?
你们是开车来的吗?
Only a few writers can make a living from writing.
只有少数作家能以写作为生。
Wash you hands carefully before eating.
吃东西前要仔细洗手。
4.介词+动名词短语
She often gets relaxed through climbing mountains.
她常藉由登山来放松自己。
Mike spent the whole afternoon in reading comic books.
麦克整个下午都在看漫画书。
He usually drinks some water first after getting up.
他经常在起床后先喝些水。
5.介词+名词性从句
I am thinking about what he said this morning.
我正在想他今天早上说的话。
They are arguing over when the kids should go to bed.
他们正在争论孩子们应该什么时候上床睡觉。
You can dance with whomever you like.
你可以和任何你喜欢的人跳舞。
6.介词+人称代词的宾格形式
What do you want to know about him?
你想了解关于他的什么?
These presents are all for you.
这些礼物全都是给你的。
7.介词+名词性物主代词
Hans is a friend of his.
汉斯是他的一个朋友。
She was wearing a sweater like mine.
她穿的毛衣和我的相似。